The review identified 7 categories of technology dissemination models described in Section III: The glabrous seedspod are linear, flat with both margins raised, 25-30 cm long and 1-1.5cm broad, containing 20-30 seeds which may be ellipsoid rounded or truncated and show consideration variation in size and colour, the largest are usually about I cm long and 0.7cm wide-seed colour may vary from creamy white, black, Brown, grey and speckled grey. Research also explains that the opinions of … – The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive overview of multiple functions of sunflower seeds including their nutritional and nutraceutical benefits., – The literature review is of the chemical composition of sunflower seeds, their health benefits and their utilization in different products., – “We are what we eat.” All living creatures need to take in nutrients to live. The. The present study aimed to review the current literature on the physicochemical properties of sesame oil and the published articles regarding the level of aflatoxins and heavy metals in sesame oil. Roasting sesame seeds at 200°C for 60 min significantly increased the total phenolic content, radical scavenging activity (RSA), reducing powers, and … 23.7.3 Industrial uses. Numerous wild relatives occur in Africa and a smaller number in India. Effect of cultivar on sesame seed germination from two to eight days after seeding (averaged over all temperature and presoaking treatment means). 81 A2. Dehulling of sesame for human consumption is important since the hull contains 2–3% oxalic acid, which chelates calcium and has a bitter flavor. The results of recent food chemical and nutraceutical studies on the traditionally well-known health value of sesame are described, including some aspects of the utilization of sesame. Methods: Literature review was performed via searching databases such as Google Scholar, Pub Med, Science Direct, and SID. The first comprehensive review of sesame and its close relative, Sesame: the genus Sesamum covers ethnographic data, modern use, linguistic analysis of sesame names from around the world, market size, export and import data, geographical sources, use in the food and cosmetic industries, and much more. However, the seeds become edible after soaking and boiling in water, which removes the seed coat (El-Siddig et al., 2006). seed nursing and nursery management in order to meet acceptable quality control standards. 2010; Anon., 2009). The literature also reports that certain lignans in sesame seeds and oil can elevate plasma and tissue levels of vitamin E precursors (α- and γ-tocopherol) (49, 50). It is known by many names such as beniseed, gingelly, sinsin, sesame, and till. II. Field trials have also shown that, seeding rates are lower and crop yields are higher when the rice is nursed before transplanting. Other advantages are its repeatability and reproducibility. And it is the third world exporter of sesame seed after India and Sudan (Alemu and W.Meijerink, 2010). properties of sesame oil, as well as its effects on human health. Storage fungi There are numerous reports referring to storage fungi and seed-borne fungi associated with cowpea seed. Analysis of variance for sesame seed germination. Sesame (/ ˈ s ɛ z ə m iː / or / ˈ s ɛ s ə m iː /; Sesamum indicum) is a flowering plant in the genus Sesamum, also called benne. Hegde, in Handbook of Herbs and Spices (Second Edition), Volume 2, 2012. added sesame either in whole or its ground form (Manthey et al., 2002). The highly antioxidative activity of sesame oil was clarified and found to involve newly discovered lignans. – A review of traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology sumption (Rao & Srivastava (1974) cited in Kumar & Bhattacharya, 2008). present study aimed to review the current literature on the physicochemical properties of sesame oil and the published articles regarding the level of aflatoxins and heavy metals in sesame oil. Four edible oils namely mustard, groundnut, soybean and safflower have been taken for the study. Cureus 9(7): e1438. Open Access Review Article DOI: 10.7759/cureus.1438 How to cite this article Hsu E, Parthasarathy S (July 06, 2017) Anti-inflammatory and Antioxidant Effects of Sesame Oil on Atherosclerosis: A Descriptive Literature Review . crude protein while the meal, after oil extraction contains about 46% protein (Peace Corps, 1990). Material and methods . In other literature, sesame seed contains 37%–63% oil depending on the variety, growing season and cultivar (Hegde, 2012). Therefore, seed nursing and nursery management are important components of seed production practices in Sierra Leone. Sesame Production, Challenges and Opportunitiesin Ethiopia Abadi Berhane Girmay* Department of Plant Sciences, Aksum University, Ethiopia Submission: January 21, 2018; Published: May 03, 2018 *Corresponding author: Abadi Berhane Girmay, Department of Plant Sciences, Aksum University, Ethiopia, Email: Agri Res & Tech: Open Access J 15(5): ARTOAJ.MS.ID.555972 (2018) 00155 D.M. properties of sesame oil, as well as its effects on human health. And it is the third world exporter of sesame seed after India and Sudan (Alemu and W.Meijerink, 2010). Sesame Value chain in Ethiopia Accordingly, sesame is A Literature Review on the Immunomodulatory Effects of Nigella Sativa (Black Seed)? They concluded that mode of extraction and seed variety are very important parameters affecting oil yield. 83 vi The publically available bibliographic database PubMed includes over 2,000 references to pumpkin. Study on functional properties of raw and blended Jackfruit seed flour (a non-conventional source) for food application A Roy Chowdhury1*, A K Bhattacharyya1 and P Chattopadhyay2 1Department of Food Technology, Techno India, E.M. 4/1, Sector- V, Salt Lake, Kolkata-700 091, West Bengal, India literature reviews on this topic (Bechtel and Mulumudi, 1996; Harland, 1996; Cooper, Lambert & Pagh, 1998). Dr. Faeeza Abdullatief A Science of Medicine The Art of Care March 2012 For years, Nigella Sativa, or Black Seeds, has been used to treat a variety of ailments across cultures. Sesame seed has been included in rations for poultry and swine (Gohl, 1981). Sesame is one of the most ancient crops and oilseeds known and used by mankind mainly due to its ease of extraction, great stability, and resistance to drought. 2.2.1. It is widely naturalized in tropical regions around the world and is cultivated for its edible seeds, which grow in pods. [1] : This research paper presents design and development of manually operated seed planter machine. A detailed list of the mycoflora associated with cowpea seed, which has been formulated from the available literature, is presented in Table 2.1. Yet we still cannot answer two fundamental questions: how does the embryo emerge from the seed to complete germination, and how is embryo emergence blocked so that seeds can be maintained in the dormant state? Material and methods Literature review … ABSTRACT: Antioxidant activities of defatted sesame meal extract increased as the roasting temperature of sesame seed increased, but the maximum antioxidant activity was achieved when the seeds were roasted at 200°C for 60 min. LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1. both humans and animals when contaminated seed is ingested (Barrett 2000). A1. Sesame lignans in combination with α-tocopherol (precursor of vitamin E) were more effective on lipid peroxidation than as a single compound (48). 6 CHAPTER 1 LITERATURE REVIEW 1.1 THE GROUNDNUT CROP 1.1.1 ORIGIN, DISTRIBUTION AND STATISTICS The cultivated groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an ancient crop of the New World, which originated in South America (southern Bolivia/north west Argentina region) where it was possibly incorporate all literature on seed input and adoption but has been designed for professionals already familiar with the challenges and knowledge surrounding work with smallholders. LITERATURE REVIEW Kyada A et al. Obvi- ously, with such a large literature on the subject, this review Other structures affecting seed storage are the seedcoat for both corn and This literature review is a review of the secondary research that has been found on the topic of GMOs. sesame seed follows by Taiwan and Korea (FAO. In this they present objective of seed planter machine design, factors affecting seed emergence, some mechanisms. The most prominent feature of SSO is its resistance towards oxidation rancidity during long exposure to air ( Islam et al., 2016 ). In the past, and even today, seeds have been wasted (El-Siddig et al., Performance and determinants of sesame seed export in Ethiopia. Introduction: The present study aimed to review the articles on determining the physicochemical properties of sesame oil in terms of the levels of heavy metals and aflatoxins without geographic restriction. Literature Review Much work is done on stability measurement under storage and frying condition of vegetable oil with reference to comparative analysis of edible oils for stability against longer storage and heat deterioration during frying. embryo is more protected in the resting seed of corn than in bean. Different reports indicate that Ethiopia is among the top-five sesame producing countries in the world, ranked at fourth place in 2011/2012 (FAOSTAT, 2012). Only a small proportion of low-grade oil is used for the manufacture of soaps, perfumes, paints, pyrethrum-based insecticides and for various other purposes for which the non-drying oils are generally adopted (Nayar and Mehra, 1970; Weiss, 1983). germination and 700 on seed dormancy have appeared in the last decade. Effect of cultivar and presoaking treatments on sesame seed germination (averaged over all temperature and time means) 82 A3. Sesame contains 50% oil, which is highly resistant to oxidation, and 25% protein, which has a unique balance of amino acids. The secondary research that supports the thesis will be discussed along with research that has shown to refute the thesis. Literature Review on Pumpkin in Sierra Leone Introduction There does not appear to be any refereed journal paper about any aspect of pumpkin growth, processing, marketing or use in Sierra Leone. The basic objective of sowing operation is to put the seed and fertilizer A Literature Review on Development of Solar Agro Sprayer (SAS) Bhagyashri V. Thorait1, Quraishi Mudassir2, Mittal Vispute3 Aishwarya Pimpariya4, LishaAhire5 1,2,3,4,5(Department of Electrical Engineering, MMANTC,SavitribaiPhule Pune University, Maharashtra, India) Abstract: Agriculture is the backbone of India. Literature review … extract castor seed oil from castor bean paste using Soxhlet extractor. The book includes a historical review of the genus Sesamum that reveals its place in … Sesame oil is used to some extent in industries. DOI 10.7759/cureus.1438 In corn and other grains the major food reserves are stored as endosperm, whereas in bean they are stored in the two cotyledons or seed leaves, which also serve as photosynthetic organs for the young plant. The following outlines are discussed as under: Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.); an Overview Characterization of Sesame Seed Oil Oil Quality and Effect of Roasting on Sesame Seed Physical and Chemical Properties of Sesame Sudan is the largest exporter of seed. Used for a They obtained 33.2% oil yield, which was within the expected range for castor beans found in literature. This paper sets out not to review the supply chain literature per se, but rather to contribute to a critical theory debate through the presentation and use of a framework for the categorisation of literature linked to supply chain management. 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